Vrijeme za sušene jabučice :-)

 

Sušeno voće ima nekoliko puta veću energiju od svježeg voća, kao i sastav hranjivih tvari, posebno šećera, željeza i količine biljnih vlakana…

Već neko vrijeme sušim jabuke, ali i drugo voće u jednom super aparatiću 🙂 No, mogu se sušiti i bez toga.. Jabuke se narežu na tanke šnitice ili po ukusu, pa ih se potopi u malo vode razrijeđene  sa sokom od jednog, dva limuna, ovisno o količini koja se priprema. Posušene se stave na tepsiju obloženu masnim papirom, pa po želji pospu cimetom. Suše se u pećnici na 50 do 60 ° C pet, šest sati, a može i više (to ovisi o debljini narezanih jabuka). Najbolje ih je čuvati u staklenkama.

 

Suho voće je vrlo poželjno na stolovima, prvenstveno kao izdašan izvor kalorija, a isto tako i raznih zaštitnih tvari. U svakodnevnoj prehrani, vrlo često zaboravljamo na sušeno voće čija sezona upravo počinje. Obilje plodova se pored raznih metoda konzerviranja pretvara u trajniji oblik na taj način da se suši, dakle uklanja vlaga. To se može postići prirodnim sušenjem (na suncu i bez njega), prisilnim sušenjem u sušarama pod utjecajem toplog zraka i snažnih ventilatora ili prethodnim smrzavanjem, a onda naglim isparavanjem (liofilizacijom).

 

Što se događa u plodovima voća procesom sušenja?

Ako za primjer uzmemo šljivu koja u svježem stanju sadrži 87,2% vode, njena vlaga se smanji na oko 30%, šljiva se smežura i potamni. Ukupna količina ugljikohidrata ili preciznije šećera s 11,5% u svježem stanju, skoči na nevjerojatnih 63,5% što automatski povlači pojačanu slatkost. Ukratko, osim što nema vlage za razvoj mikroflore, porastom koncentracije šećera također se javljaju nepovoljni uvjeti za razvoj mikroflore. Tako glukoza s oko 5% poraste na 25,5%, a fruktoza s 3% na 12,5%. Ono o čemu se vrlo često govori kada je u pitanju zimska prehrana je nedovoljan unos vlaknaste strukture. Suho voće, primjerice sirova šljiva, sadrži 1,5 g / 100 g, a kada je osušena, vlaknasta struktura penje se na 7,1 g / 100 g. Stoga je razumljivo zašto osobe koje pate od opstipacije redovno trebaju konzumirati suhe šljive.

Kada su u pitanju osušeni plodovi, koncentriranje se događa i kod ostalih nutritivnih sastojaka. Tako sirova šljiva sadrži 345 i.j. vitamina A, a osušena duplo tj. 781 i.j. Tipična je situacija kod vitamina K koji je neophodan za zgrušavanje krvi; u sirovom obliku šljiva sadrži 6,4 μg, a u osušenom 60 μg što je deseterostruko povećanje. Količina beta-karotena i kriptoksantina se penje za 3-5 puta, a luteina za 6 puta.

 

Zanimljivi su i učinci sušenja na bananu: od početne vlage koja iznosi 75%, osušena banana ima svega 3% vlage, a ako dulje stoji može se “skameniti“ pa kod konzumiranja treba imati dobre zube ili se prethodno mora rehidrirati. Ugljikohidrati se penju s 23% na 88% od čega na glukozu i fruktozu otpada približno jednak dio. Zbog toga je osušena banana intenzivno slatka. Banane su tradicionalno dobar izvor vlaknaste strukture; u svježem stanju ima ih oko 2,5 g / 100 g, a u osušenom obliku 10 g / 100 g. Vitamina A u sirovom obliku sadrži 64 i.j. / 100 g, a u osušenom obliku 248 i.j. / 100 g. Slično povećanje može se zamijetiti i kod ostalih zaštitnih tvari.

Kod marelica do punog izražaja dolazi fenomen koncentracije vitamina; vitamin A u sirovom obliku prisutan je u količini od 1926 i.j. / 100 g ploda, a u osušenom stanju ga ima 12 puta više tj. 12669 i.j / 100 g. Niacin se povećava s 0,6 mg / 100 mg u sirovom obliku na 3,5 mg / 100 g u osušenom stanju. Sličan proces se događa i s ostalim zaštitnim tvarima.

Kod jabuka i ostalog suhog voća (grožđe) hranjive i zaštitne tvari kreću se u rasponu već navedenih veličina. Sve osim vitamina C se bitno povećavaju i tako postaju dragocjenim izvorom tih tvari.

Zaključno, suho voće je vrlo poželjno na stolovima od sada pa sve do proljeća iduće godine. Prvenstveno kao izdašan izvor kalorija, a isto tako i raznih zaštitnih tvari. Stariji ljudi su bili vrlo mudri kad su rekli da na stolu stalno treba stajati zdjelica sa suhim voćem i orašastim plodovima.

Neke zanimljivosti:

    • suhe smokve sadrže 3 puta više kalcija od drugog voća
    • brusnice sadrže kiselinu koja liječi upale mokraćnih puteva
    • naranče i ostalo žuto voće (breskve, marelice, mango) sadrže puno beta karotena
    • borovnice imaju puno više antioksidansa nego svo drugo voće
    • grožđice imaju zaštitni učinak na srce i krvne žile dok su suhe šljive su jak antioksidant

70 Comments Add yours

  1. I’m grateful for having you as a friend!

  2. iloveseovn says:

    Hello, good article. I find it no question helpful. I in point of fact desire to look additional posts in the progressive

  3. could g says:

    I’ve been surfing on-line greater than 3 hours as of late, yet I
    by no means discovered any interesting article like yours.

    It’s beautiful worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers
    made excellent content as you did, the net will likely be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  4. rsacwgxy g says:

    An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment.

    I believe that you need to write more on this issue, it might not be a taboo subject but usually people don’t speak
    about these subjects. To the next! Cheers!!

  5. tinyurl.com says:

    I used to be suggested this website through my cousin. I am
    no longer sure whether this publish is written through him as nobody
    else recognize such detailed about my problem.
    You’re wonderful! Thank you!

  6. For the reason that the admin of this web site is working, no doubt very rapidly it will be
    famous, due to its quality contents.

  7. tinyurl.com says:

    My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a number of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to
    another platform. I have heard fantastic things about
    blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  8. Thanks , I have recently been looking for info approximately this topic for ages and yours is
    the best I’ve came upon so far. However, what about the
    bottom line? Are you sure concerning the source?

  9. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet
    my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some
    time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with
    something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
    new updates.

  10. Everyone loves it whenever people come together and share opinions.
    Great site, keep it up!

  11. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our whole
    community will be thankful to you.

  12. I do trust all of the ideas you have offered on your post.
    They are really convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very short for newbies.

    Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  13. I am really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any web
    browser compatibility issues? A small number of my
    blog readers have complained about my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any suggestions to help fix this problem?

  14. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?

    I mean, what you say is important and everything. However think of
    if you added some great photos or video clips to give
    your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with
    pics and videos, this website could certainly be one of the greatest
    in its field. Amazing blog!

  15. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running
    off the screen in Firefox. I’m not sure if this is a formatting
    issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured
    I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great
    though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers

  16. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across
    this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out
    a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like
    you aided me.

  17. I could not refrain from commenting. Very well written!

  18. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what
    all is needed to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like
    yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web savvy
    so I’m not 100% sure. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Cheers

  19. Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, excellent blog!

  20. With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism
    or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of completely unique
    content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but
    it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over
    the internet without my agreement. Do you know any solutions to help protect against content from being ripped
    off? I’d truly appreciate it.

  21. air jordan says:

    A formidable share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing a little bit analysis on this. And he the truth is purchased me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If potential, as you turn out to be experience, would you thoughts updating your blog with extra particulars? It is highly helpful for me. Large thumb up for this blog submit!

  22. jordan 12 says:

    I wish to express appreciation to you for bailing me out of such a matter. Because of checking throughout the online world and finding ways which are not beneficial, I was thinking my entire life was over. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the difficulties you have resolved by way of your entire short article is a crucial case, as well as the kind which could have in a wrong way damaged my career if I had not encountered your web blog. Your personal ability and kindness in controlling all the details was precious. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a point like this. I’m able to now look forward to my future. Thanks so much for your specialized and amazing help. I won’t hesitate to propose your blog post to anyone who should have guidelines about this problem.

  23. jordans says:

    My husband and i were so satisfied when John could complete his investigations using the ideas he grabbed through the web site. It is now and again perplexing just to choose to be handing out techniques that many many others could have been trying to sell. And now we know we’ve got the website owner to thank because of that. The type of explanations you have made, the easy website menu, the relationships you will make it possible to create – it is everything fantastic, and it is facilitating our son in addition to the family understand the topic is cool, which is certainly really important. Thank you for everything!

  24. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.

    I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  25. I am also commenting to make you know of the remarkable encounter our daughter found studying yuor web blog. She picked up some details, which included how it is like to possess a very effective coaching nature to let certain people without difficulty comprehend specific tricky issues. You really did more than visitors’ expectations. Many thanks for imparting those useful, healthy, edifying and even unique guidance on that topic to Ethel.

  26. nike outlet says:

    I’m also writing to let you know what a nice discovery my cousin’s girl experienced using your blog. She figured out so many pieces, most notably what it is like to have a marvelous giving spirit to make many people without problems have an understanding of various very confusing subject matter. You undoubtedly surpassed our expectations. Many thanks for delivering the helpful, healthy, educational and as well as unique tips about this topic to Emily.

  27. bape hoodie says:

    I not to mention my friends happened to be looking at the good tips and tricks on the blog and so instantly developed a terrible feeling I never thanked the website owner for those secrets. All of the guys became so thrilled to see all of them and have in effect honestly been making the most of them. Thank you for truly being very thoughtful as well as for deciding on varieties of beneficial information millions of individuals are really eager to be informed on. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  28. I must point out my love for your kindness giving support to men and women that absolutely need assistance with this area. Your very own dedication to getting the solution across appears to be surprisingly beneficial and have usually enabled guys and women just like me to achieve their objectives. Your personal invaluable guideline indicates much a person like me and extremely more to my office workers. Best wishes; from all of us.

  29. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious
    about your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and
    we are looking to trade solutions with other folks, please shoot
    me an email if interested. 34pIoq5 cheap flights

  30. I enjoy, result in I found exactly what I was taking a look
    for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt!
    God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye cheap
    flights 2CSYEon

  31. I want to express some appreciation to you just for bailing me out of this type of instance. Just after looking out through the online world and seeing solutions which were not pleasant, I assumed my entire life was done. Being alive devoid of the answers to the difficulties you’ve sorted out by way of your good review is a crucial case, as well as those that would have badly damaged my entire career if I hadn’t encountered the blog. Your main understanding and kindness in playing with every part was very helpful. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a solution like this. I am able to at this time look forward to my future. Thanks a lot so much for this specialized and result oriented guide. I won’t be reluctant to recommend the blog to any individual who needs counselling about this matter.

  32. I every time spent my half an hour to read this web site’s articles or reviews all the time along with a mug of coffee.
    2CSYEon cheap flights

  33. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble.
    You’re incredible! Thanks!

  34. Hello, after reading this awesome article i am also happy to share my knowledge here with friends.

    3aN8IMa cheap flights

  35. Thanks , I have recently been searching for information about this
    subject for a long time and yours is the greatest I
    have came upon till now. However, what in regards to the bottom line?
    Are you sure concerning the source?

  36. Wonderful, what a blog it is! This blog provides valuable facts to us, keep it up.

  37. black mass says:

    I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your website.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser
    compatibility problems? A handful of my blog readers have complained about my website not
    operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this issue?

  38. My spouse and i have been very comfortable Albert managed to finish up his basic research through the ideas he gained through the web page. It’s not at all simplistic to simply find yourself giving for free tips and tricks people have been trying to sell. Therefore we do understand we need you to appreciate because of that. Those illustrations you have made, the easy web site menu, the relationships your site aid to instill – it’s got all terrific, and it’s really assisting our son and our family consider that that concept is exciting, and that is very essential. Thank you for all the pieces!

  39. A powerful share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a bit of evaluation on this. And he in fact purchased me breakfast because I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If potential, as you grow to be experience, would you thoughts updating your weblog with extra details? It’s extremely helpful for me. Huge thumb up for this weblog submit!

  40. yeezy 350 says:

    The following time I read a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I imply, I do know it was my choice to learn, but I truly thought youd have one thing interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you might fix if you happen to werent too busy on the lookout for attention.

  41. kd 12 says:

    Would you be enthusiastic about exchanging hyperlinks?

  42. There are actually plenty of particulars like that to take into consideration. That could be a great level to deliver up. I supply the thoughts above as basic inspiration however clearly there are questions just like the one you bring up where the most important factor can be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if greatest practices have emerged round things like that, however I’m certain that your job is clearly identified as a good game. Each boys and girls feel the impact of just a moment抯 pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  43. yeezy shoes says:

    Howdy! I simply want to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you might have right here on this post. I shall be coming back to your weblog for more soon.

  44. jordan 4 says:

    You made some decent points there. I seemed on the internet for the difficulty and located most people will go together with together with your website.

  45. you’ve gotten an excellent blog here! would you wish to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  46. calvin klein says:

    After I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any means you may take away me from that service? Thanks!

  47. kobe 9 says:

    I discovered your weblog website on google and examine a couple of of your early posts. Continue to keep up the excellent operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. In search of forward to studying extra from you in a while!?

  48. Howdy! I just would like to give an enormous thumbs up for the nice data you have got here on this post. I shall be coming back to your blog for extra soon.

  49. adidas yeezy says:

    There may be noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made sure good factors in options also.

  50. The subsequent time I read a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as a lot as this one. I mean, I do know it was my choice to read, but I really thought youd have something fascinating to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you might repair should you werent too busy searching for attention.

  51. Your place is valueble for me. Thanks!?

  52. stone island says:

    Your place is valueble for me. Thanks!?

  53. I used to be more than happy to seek out this net-site.I needed to thanks to your time for this glorious read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you weblog post.

  54. jordan shoes says:

    you have a terrific blog here! would you wish to make some invite posts on my blog?

  55. Hi! I’ve been following your site for a long time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Kingwood Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the fantastic work!

  56. Your house is valueble for me. Thanks!?

  57. I抦 impressed, I need to say. Really not often do I encounter a blog that抯 both educative and entertaining, and let me let you know, you will have hit the nail on the head. Your concept is excellent; the problem is something that not enough persons are talking intelligently about. I’m very pleased that I stumbled throughout this in my seek for one thing regarding this.

  58. Thank you so much for giving everyone an extremely pleasant chance to discover important secrets from this web site. It’s always very awesome and as well , packed with fun for me personally and my office co-workers to search your site not less than 3 times in a week to read the newest guidance you will have. And definitely, I am actually fulfilled with your astounding methods served by you. Certain two tips in this article are in truth the most efficient we’ve had.

  59. I precisely had to appreciate you yet again. I am not sure what I could possibly have used without those tips and hints revealed by you regarding such industry. Completely was the frustrating concern for me personally, however , considering a new specialized technique you handled the issue forced me to cry over gladness. Now i am thankful for the work and have high hopes you realize what an amazing job you are providing teaching most people with the aid of your websites. More than likely you have never met all of us.

  60. I simply wanted to appreciate you again. I do not know the things I could possibly have sorted out without the creative ideas documented by you concerning such subject matter. It had become a very daunting concern in my position, nevertheless encountering a specialised manner you resolved it took me to jump for happiness. I’m happy for your guidance and as well , sincerely hope you recognize what a great job you are providing educating most people thru your blog. I’m certain you have never got to know any of us.

  61. I truly wanted to make a simple remark so as to express gratitude to you for all the awesome tactics you are posting at this site. My particularly long internet research has at the end of the day been recognized with useful knowledge to share with my best friends. I ‘d state that that we readers are very blessed to live in a decent website with very many awesome individuals with good plans. I feel very much lucky to have seen your webpages and look forward to plenty of more awesome times reading here. Thanks once more for all the details.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.